Created by Dr. Barbara Hensley, the Francine Shapiro Library is dedicated to Francine Shapiro, originator and developer of the Adaptive Information Processing Model (AIP), Eye Movement Desensitization (EMDR), and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy. The purpose of this Library is to provide information for clinicians, researchers, and lay people on the effectiveness and of EMDR therapy for a wide range of mental health issues. The Francine Shapiro Library (FSL) is the compendium of scholarly articles and other important writings related to the AIP and EMDR therapy.

The intent of the FSL is to maintain an accurate and up-to-date list of citations related to AIP and EMDR therapy. It does not include citations for any methods developed out of EMDR.

Inclusion of citations in FSL does not constitute endorsement by the EMDR International Association and/or the EMDR community.

NOTE: While the Library serves to collect and share the sources of information on AIP, EMD, and EMDR, it does not necessarily share the information itself. Due to national and international copyright laws, only access to information already in the public domain is available. If there is no valid link to this information, you will need to contact the publisher, author, or presenter of the information. Please do not contact EMDRIA for documents included in the Library.


What is EMDR?

The core of EMDR treatment involves activating components of the traumatic memory or disturbing life event and pairing those components with alternating bilateral or dual attention stimulation. This process appears to facilitate the resumption of normal information processing and integration. This treatment approach can result in the alleviation of presenting symptoms, diminution of distress from the memory, improved view of the self, relief from bodily disturbance, and resolution of present and future anticipated triggers.