Created by Dr. Barbara Hensley, the Francine Shapiro Library is dedicated to Francine Shapiro, originator and developer of the Adaptive Information Processing Model (AIP) and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy. The purpose of this Library is to provide information for clinicians, researchers, and lay people on the effectiveness and efficaciousness of EMDR Therapy for a wide range of mental health issues. The Francine Shapiro Library (FSL) is the compendium of scholarly articles and other important writings related to the AIP and EMDR Therapy.

The intent of the FSL is to maintain an accurate and up-to-date list of citations related to AIP and EMDR Therapy. It does not include citations for any methods developed out of EMDR.

Inclusion of citations in FSL does not constitute endorsement by the EMDR International Association and/or the EMDR community.

Featured Items

EMDR early intervention research toolkit

In 2013, the EMDR Research Foundation (aka the Foundation) established “Addressing the Global Burden of Trauma” as one of its research priorities. Whether natural or man-made, the Foundation supports research exploring the effectiveness of early EMDR interventions in response to trauma and disaster. The EMDR Early Intervention Research Toolkit was specifically designed to assist EMDR clinicians who provide early EMDR interventions as part of frontline trauma response and recovery.

The world of stories and symbols: An introduction to the EMDR-sandtray protocol with complex and developmental trauma

The bihemispheric structure of the brain imposes on clinicians the challenge of therapeutically relating and strategically embracing the full biology…

The role of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy in medicine: Addressing the psychological and physical symptoms stemming from adverse life experience

Background: A substantial body of research shows that adverse life experiences contribute to both psychological and biomedical pathology. Eye movement…

What is EMDR?

The core of EMDR treatment involves activating components of the traumatic memory or disturbing life event and pairing those components with alternating bilateral or dual attention stimulation. This process appears to facilitate the resumption of normal information processing and integration. This treatment approach can result in the alleviation of presenting symptoms, diminution of distress from the memory, improved view of the self, relief from bodily disturbance, and resolution of present and future anticipated triggers.

EMDR description for clients
Clinical Definition of EMDR Therapy
Theory of EMDR

Research Studies

A wide variety of research studies have been implemented using various treatment aspects and protocols as their focus since EMDR Therapy's initial development.

Many of these studies support EMDR Therapy as an empirically validated treatment of trauma. Several types of research models are utilized:

International treatment guidelines, meta-analyses, randomized clinical trials, nonrandomized studies

In 2010, SAMHSA, a National Registry of Evidence-based practices (NREPP) endorsed EMDR

Resources for Researchers

EMDR Research Resource Directory
Listserv for Researchers of EMDR Therapy
How to Develop and Research a New Treatment Protocol for EMDR
Information About Research on EMDR Therapy
Obtaining A Fidelity Scale
Selected Instruments for Psychotherapy Outcome Measurement
Informed Consent
Obtaining Help with A Research Project or Dissertation On EMDR Therapy