Browse Items (67 total)

  • Tags: Meta-Analyses

Performing eye movements during memory retrieval is considered to be important for the therapeutic effect of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). We conducted a meta-analysis of laboratory studies that compared the effects of eye…

There is no comprehensive meta-analysis of randomised trials examining the effects of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and no systematic review at all of the effects of EMDR on other mental…

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD (C-PTSD) significantly affect occupational, educational, relational, and personal systems of a significant portion of the general population. Disagreement exists within the clinical and research…

Background:Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) has been well established as an effective treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, PTSD has been re-categorized as part of trauma and stressor-related disorders…

The goal of my thesis was to replicate Chen et al. (2014) and to extend the study by comparing Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) to Wait List Control (WLC) and Treatment as Usual (TAU) conditions. Effect size estimations for…

From an exhaustive literature search, 40 studies were identified which featured a comparison of EMDR to another treatment, A team of three blind rates selected those 19 studies that featured random assignment as well as active comparison treatment.…

Many researchers accept that trauma-focused treatments are superior to non-trauma focused treatments for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). However, Benish, Imel, and Wampold (2008) recently published a meta-analysis of clinical trials directly…

Background: Different user groups regard systematic reviews as reliable and valuable sources for answering research questions. For systematic reviews to fulfill their purpose, methodological quality in all stages are of importance. The studies…

With interest we read the article by Lewey and colleagues describing the results of a meta-analysis, entitled “Comparing the Effectiveness of EMDR and TF-CBT for Children and Adolescents: A Meta-Analysis” (Lewey et al. 2018). In this article, the…

Background:Psychological interventions, in particular those derived from cognitive- behavioural therapy frameworks, and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing, are effective for reducing post-traumatic stress disorder and associated distress.…

Background:Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent in children, adolescents and adults. It can occur alone or in comorbidity with other disorders. A broad range of psychotherapies such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and eye movement…

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) and Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) are established evidence-based methods for treating traumatized adults. Studies examining treatment of traumatized children have found…

Background:Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is prevalent in children, adolescents and adults. Without adequate intervention PTSD is likely to harm wellbeing of patients. A broad range of treatment modalities have been developed for treatment of…

Efficacy of EMDR and TF-CBT for posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) was explored through meta-analysis. A comprehensive search yielded 494 studies of children and adolescents with PTSS who received treatment with these evidence-based therapeutic…

Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can occur in both adults and children/adolescents. Untreated PTSD can lead to negative long-term mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, low self-concept, disruptive behaviors, and/or…

Children and adolescents are a vulnerable group to develop post-traumatic stress symptoms after natural or man-made disasters. In the light of increasing numbers of refugees under the age of 18 years worldwide, there is a significant need for…

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a controversial clinical treatment most often used in the treatment of anxiety and depressive disorders. Many clinicians use this therapy, but no consensus exists whether this treatment works.…

We searched Medline, EMBASE, the ISI Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, Pubmed database, in 1999-2016, published in English by using EMDR randomized controlled trials for the treatment of individuals aged in 0-18 with PTSD.

Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) is a method of psychological therapy that has been used in treating various types of trauma in different populations. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to collect data on EMDR and see how…

Numerous guidelines have been developed over the past decade regarding treatments for Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, given differences in guideline recommendations, some uncertainty exists regarding the selection of effective PTSD…

Objective: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an important mental health issue in terms of the number of people affected and the morbidity and functional impairment associated with the disorder. The purpose of this study was to examine the…

From an exhaustive literature search, 40 studies were identified which featured a comparison of EMDR to another treatment. A team of three blind raters selected those 19 studies that featured random assignment as well as an active comparison…

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a relatively common mental disorder, with an estimated lifetime prevalence of ∼5.7%. Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are the most often studied and…

Soldiers and veterans diagnosed with PTSD benefit less from psychotherapy than non-military populations. The current meta-analysis identified treatment predictors for traumatised soldiers and veterans, using data from studies examining guideline…

To our knowledge, no previous meta-analysis has attempted to compare the efficacy of pharmacological, psychological and combined treatments for the three main anxiety disorders (panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder and social phobia).…

Motor vehicle accident (MVA) victims may suffer both acute and post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD). With PTSD affecting social, interpersonal and occupational functioning, clinicians as well as the National Institute of Health are very interested…

We read with interest the article by Gerger and colleagues describing the results of a meta-analysis entitled ‘Integrating fragmented evidence by network meta-analysis: relative effectiveness of psychological interventions for adults with…

Context: The necessity of specific intervention components for the successful treatment of patients with posttraumatic stress disorder is the subject of controversy.Objective:To investigate the complexity of clinical problems as a moderator of…

Parallèlement aux médicaments, le développement des traitements psychothérapeutiques acquière une légitimité thérapeutique de plus en plus confortée par les connaissances scientifiques. Actuellement, pour le traitement des troubles anxieux, la…

Earlier this year we published a paper that gave an up-to-date review of the evidence for whether eye movement had an effect in facilitating the processing of trauma memories (Lee & Cuijpers, 2013). In this paper we did a meta-analysis to look at…

Traumatic experiences can have a profound and lasting impact on the mental health of children and adolescents. In this meta-analysis, psychosocial interventions for children and adolescents who have been exposed to traumatic experiences were…

Introduction. Although the symptom presentation of PTSD in the general and military population is very similar, combat-related PTSD is typically thought to be more severe due to the repeated and prolonged exposure of traumatic events. One of the…

Objective: Many patients drop out of treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); some clinicians believe that trauma-focused treatments increase dropout. Method: We conducted a metaanalysis of dropout among active treatments in clinical…

Despite growing evidence that all treatments intended to be therapeutic (i.e., bona fide treatments) are equally efficacious, the question of relative efficacy persists. In fact, cognitivebehavioral treatments (CBT) have gained a more favorable…

Many meta-analyses of comparative outcome studies found a substantial association of researcher allegiance (RA) and relative treatment effects. Therefore, RA is regarded as a biasing factor in comparative outcome research (RA bias hypothesis).…

Background and Objectives: Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) is now considered evidence based practice in the treatment of trauma symptoms. Yet in a previous meta-analysis, no significant effect was found for the eye movement…

Introduction: Treatment of choice for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is either eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) or trauma-focused cognitive behaviour therapy (TFCBT). Objective: The aim of the present meta-analysis was to…

In the course of extending our meta-analysis of the relative efficacy of psychotherapy treatment of PTSD (Benish, Imel, & Wampold, 2008), we detected three errors in the original analysis that appear in Table 1. The effect size for all measures…

Psychotherapy has been found to be an effective treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but meta-analyses have yielded inconsistent results on relative efficacy of psychotherapies in the treatment of PTSD. The present meta-analysis…

Two decades of research demonstrate the efficacy of exposure therapy for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The efficacy of prolonged exposure (PE), a specific exposure therapy program for PTSD that has been disseminated throughout the world, has…

Comments on Does EMDR reduce post-traumatic stress disorder symptomatology in combat veterans? by David L. Albright and Bruce Thyer (see record 2010-02408-001). As an Army Chaplain and psychotherapist for 30 years, I have used a variety of…

This paper presents the results of a meta-analysis of the treatment outcome studies of different types of psychotherapeutic approaches for sexual assault victims experiencing PTSD or rape trauma symptoms. There were 15 outcome studies identified for…

Although the efficacy of psychological treatment for panic disorder (PD) with or without agoraphobia has been the subject of a great deal of research, the specific contribution of techniques such as exposure, cognitive therapy, relaxation training…

A recent meta-analysis by Benish, Imel, and Wampold (2008, Clinical Psychology Review, 28, 746-758) concluded that all bona fide treatments are equally effective in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). In contrast, seven other meta-analyses or…

Eye movement desensitization (EMDR) and exposure therapies (e.g. prolonged exposure therapy) have both been recommended as first-line treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). However, relatively little is known about the comparative…

Effect size (ES) is a name given to a family of indices that measure the magnitude of a treatment effect. Unlike significance tests, these indices are independent of sample size. ES measures are the common currency of meta-analysis studies that…

The efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in children with posttraumatic stress symptoms was meta-analytically examined from the perspective of incremental efficacy. Overall post-treatment effect size for EMDR was medium…

The UK National Institute for Clinical Excellence Guidelines on PTSD: Based on rigorous meta-analysis, detailed literature review and two public consultations, the national guidelines for the assessment, prevention and treatment of PTSD in the UK…
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