Psychosocial treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder


A review of the psychosocial treatment research literature indicates that several forms of therapy appear to be useful in reducing the symptoms of PTSD. Strongest support is found for the treatments that combine cognitive and behavioral techniques. Hypnosis, psychodynamic, anxiety management, and group therapies may also produce short-term symptom reduction. Still unknown is whether any approach produces lasting effects. Imaginal exposure to trauma memories and hypnosis are techniques most likely to affect the intrusive symptoms of PTSD, whereas cognitive and psychodynamic approaches may better address the numbing and avoidance symptoms cluster. Treatment should be tailored to the severity and type of presenting PTSD symptoms, to the type of trauma experience, and to the many likely comorbid diagnoses and adjustment problems.






Susan D. Solomon

Original Work Citation

Solomon, S. D. (1997, Winter). Psychosocial treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder. In Session: Psychotherapy in Practice, 3(4), 27-41. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1520-6572(199724)3:4<27::AID-SESS4>3.0.CO;2-5



“Psychosocial treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed May 8, 2021,

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