VA/DoD Clinical practice guideline: Management of post-traumatic stress, Version 2
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) (extensively studied in a large number of RCTs) closely resembles other CBT modalities in that there is an exposure component (e.g. talking about the traumatic event and/or holding distressing traumatic memories in mind without verbalizing them) combined with a cognitive component (e.g., identifying a negative cognition, an alternative positive cognition, and assessing the validity of the cognition), and relaxation/self-monitoring techniques (e.g., breathing, “body scan”). Alternating eye-movements are part of the classic EMDR technique (and the name of this type of treatment); however, comparable effect sizes have been achieved with or without eye movements or other forms of distraction or kinesthetic stimulation. Although the mechanisms of effectiveness in EMDR have yet to be determined, it is likely that they are similar to other trauma-focused exposure and cognitive-based therapies. [Excerpt]
Original Work Citation
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs & U.S. Department of Defense. (2010). VA/DoD Clinical practice guideline: Management of post-traumatic stress, Version 2. Washington, DC: The Management of Post-Traumatic Stress Working Group
“VA/DoD Clinical practice guideline: Management of post-traumatic stress, Version 2,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed February 28, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/17086.