Eye movement desensitization versus image confrontation: A single-session crossover study of 58 phobic subjects

Description

Eye movement desensitization (EMD) and a control procedure, image confrontation (IC) were compared in a group of 58 phobics, 31 of them arachnophobes. [There were 7 cases of "traumatic phobia" and 1 of "classical PTSD."] Subjects confronted disturbing images in a single-session crossover trial. Anxiety levels were recorded on the SUD Scale. Whenever practicable, SUDs to feared objects were also recorded. EMD and IC were equally effective in reducing anxiety levels. After 1 month, during which subjects were encouraged to use IC daily, improvement was maintained. Since exposure to the disturbing image is common to both methods it must be presumed to be the basis of change when EMD is used in cases of phobia.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Alan Sanderson
Roger Carpenter

Original Work Citation

Sanderson, A., & Carpenter, R. (1992, December). Eye movement desensitization versus image confrontation: A single-session crossover study of 58 phobic subjects. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 23(4), 269-275. doi:10.1016/0005-7916(92)90049-O

Collection

Citation

“Eye movement desensitization versus image confrontation: A single-session crossover study of 58 phobic subjects,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed September 24, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/17601.

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