Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)


The effectiveness of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) for PTSD is now documented in over a dozen independent controlled evaluations. The goal of EMDR is to produce the most profound and comprehensive treatment effects possible in the shortest period of time, while maintaining a stable client in a balanced system. As an integrative approach to psychotherapy, EMDR has continued to benefit from the systematic integration of all the psychological modalities. As integration increases, it is important to conduct research to make sure that alterations of standardized protocols result in increased rather than diluted treatment effects. Further, given the reported wide range of positive treatment effects, it is important to develop research tools capable of assessing changes in emotional, cognitive, somatic, and behavioral domains that can best guide the practicing clinician.


Book Section




Francine Shapiro
Elizabeth Snyker
Louise Maxfield

Original Work Citation

Shapiro, F., Snyker, E., & Maxfield, L. (2002). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR). In F. W. Kaslow & T. Patterson (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of psychotherapy: Cognitive-behavioral approaches (pp. 241-272). New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons Inc



“Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR),” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed September 27, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/17780.

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