Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing


This chapter critically summarizes state-of-the-art knowledge relevant to the use of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) treatment for traumatic stress. We review empirical evidence and pertinent meta-analyses since the first edition of this volume was published. Data pertaining to EMDR treatment of both adults and children are incorporated. We also examined the evidence for its bearing on "questions in need of further research" from the previous update to determine whether the recommended research questions have been addressed. Finally, we raise a number of questions for continuing research relevant to EMDR and, more generally, the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), in which the evidence points to opportunities for emerging, empirically supported practice. In this chapter we address the empirical foundation of EMDR in terms of efficacy, comparative effectiveness, and durability. We also present evidence bearing on the conceptual framework, at least insofar as procedural components are concerned.


Book Section




C. Richard Spates
Ellen Koch
Karen Cusack
Sherry Pagoto
Stacey Waller

Original Work Citation



“Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed May 13, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/18878.

Output Formats