眼動和情緒:眼球運動的作用在治療機制 EMDR的。

Eye movement and emotionality: The role of eye movement in the therapeutic mechanism of EMDR

Description

Shapiro 認為演動訊息在處理法(EMDR)治療程序中規 律的多次快速動眼作業有助於創傷記憶的處理 (Shapiro, 1989a),但其可能涉及的療效機制之研究尚 少。本研究擬從工作記憶模式的角度來探討動眼作業在 EMDR 的療效機制。根據工作記憶模式(working memory model),動眼作業可視為一種爭奪工作記憶中視覺和空 間訊息處理能力(VSSP)系統資源的干擾作業。因此,當 回憶創傷事件時,施以動眼作業可降低創傷受害者對於 創傷事件記憶的清晰程度,並降低患者對於創傷事件的 情緒反應,以達到某種程度的治療目的。實驗一(N = 120) 採動眼作業(有、無)× 圖片的性質(正向、負向)× 時 間(前測、後測)的三因子混合設計,依變項 為圖片 影像的清晰度與情緒感受度。實驗二(N = 120)採動 眼作業(有、無)× 刺激材料的性質(圖片、影片)× 時 間(前測、後測)的三因子混合設計,依變項同實驗一。 實驗一與實驗二的結果皆顯示,如同工作記憶模式的預 期,動眼作業造成VSSP 所同時處理的影像訊息的清晰 度降低,此結果與工作記憶模式的預期一致。另外,本 研究亦顯示動眼作業亦造成情緒感受度降低。上述結果 顯示動眼作業可能具有臨床治療上的功效,且可藉由工 作記憶模式瞭解其療效機制。本研究亦對結果所顯示的 意義與未來研究方向提出討論

Eye‐movement desensitization‐reprocessing therapy (EMDR) has recently been the new effective technique to treat post‐traumatic stress disorder and other disorders. Contrasted with other psychotherapies, eye‐movements are the novel component. According to the working memory model, eye‐movements could reduce the vividness of distressing images and the intensity of the emotion associated with the images. In this study, we designed two experiments to test the effects of eye‐ movements on vividness and emotionality of imagery. In Experiment 1, with positive and negative photos as stimuli, the results showed that eye movements significantly reduced the vividness and emotionality of traumatic images. In Experiment 2, with negative photos and negative films as stimuli, we also found eye‐movements significantly reduced the vividness and emotionality of traumatic images. The implications and future research possibilities are discussed.

Format

Conference

Language

Chinese

Author(s)

Sue-Hwang Chang
Yuan-Hua Li

Original Work Citation

Chang, S.-H., & Li, Y.-H. (2033, October). [Eye movement and emotionality: The role of eye movement in the therapeutic mechanism of EMDR]. Presentation at the 42nd Annual Conference of the Chinese Psychological Association, New Taipei City, Taiwan. Chinese

Collection

Citation

“眼動和情緒:眼球運動的作用在治療機制 EMDR的。 Eye movement and emotionality: The role of eye movement in the therapeutic mechanism of EMDR,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed November 24, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/19062.

Output Formats