An EMDR protocol for dissociative identity disorder (DID)



This author conducted—as yet unpublished—research (Beere, 2009a, 2009b) on successful and unsuccessful EMDR with his DID clients. The following protocol is based on this work and is also applicable for complex post-traumatic stress disorder (C-PTSD) clients in which traumas are amnestic and intrude into present functioning. The approach is based on the following specific clinical conclusions: (1) Every effective EMDR intervention allowed the client to process a single traumatic incident from start to finish. This was the case if the incident was targeted with a distressing intrusion or a specific traumatic memory. (2) In every situation, significant aspects of the memory had been amnestic and recall returned during the processing. (3) Every processing involved significant distress always associated with the aspects of memory that had been amnestic and disequilibrated the client between sessions. (4) During EMDR, different alters almost always processed the trauma. Finally, if there were different alters, they integrated during or postprocessing.


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Donald Beere



“An EMDR protocol for dissociative identity disorder (DID),” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed September 18, 2021,

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