Dr. Silver has been using the atonement metaphor since he began working with veterans in 1972. His incorporation of EMDR cognitive interweave with this metaphor was probably around 1990-91. The first version of this handout was prepared for Level II EMDR Institute trainings when Dr. Silver did presentations on working with veterans in 1992. The use of atonement is further addressed in: Silver, S. M., & Rogers, S. (2002). Light in the heart of darkness: EMDR and the treatment of war and terrorism survivors. W.W. Norton: New York.
Original Work Citation
Silver, S. (1992). Atonement metaphor. Level II EMDR basic training. Pacific Grove, CA: EMDR Institute, Inc
“Atonement metaphor,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed November 26, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/19561.