Psihoterapija post-traumatskog stresnog poremećaja

Psychotherapy of post traumatic stress disorders


Tokom prethodne dve decenije dolazi do novih podataka u vezi efikasnosti psihoterapijskih tehnika u tretmani posttraumatskog stresnog poremećaja. Najveći broj ispitivanja na ovu temu se bavi kognitivno bihejvioralnim tehnikama kao i metodom desenzitizacije i reprocesiranja pokretima očiju, dok je manji broj psihodinamskih i psihoanalitičkih ispitivanja. Aktuelne studije se razlikuju po metodologiji (nedostatak kontrolne grupe, nejasno definisanje simptomatologije i nepouzdani dijagnostički instrumenti, mali uzorak, itd). U radu se diskutuje o kompleksnosti kako pristupa tako i primena terapijskih tehnika.

The past two decades have produced increased knowledge about the efficacy of psychological treatment for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The majority of existing studies examined the usefulness of cognitive-behavioural treatments and eye-movement desensitization and reprocessing, whereas the efficacy of psychodynamic treatments has been the object of only few studies. Existing studies vary considerably in methodology and often are present with methodological limitations (e.g. lack of control group, of clear description of the participants' symptoms, and reliable diagnostic instruments, use of mixture of therapeutic approaches, small sample size, etc) that preclude definitive conclusions. Benefits from cognitive and behavior therapies have been reported in many studies, but methodological shortcomings in some of these studies pose problems in drawing conclusions. Treatments such as SIT EMDR and CBT have several therapeutic components, and it is difficult to tell which elements led to improvement and which are redundant. Another matter of concern is the ease of dissemination of treatment among nonexpert clinicians. Some treatments (psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive therapy and SIT) are relatively complex, as they comprise multiple components. Other treatments (exposure) may be less complex and more easily accessible to clinicians outsized of specialized settings. Such treatments may be more useful both in routine clinical practice and in emergency situations where larger number of trauma-survivors require help (e.g. in the aftermath of natural disaster or in war torn countries).[Author abstract]






Cvetana O. Crnobaric
Srdan Milovanovic
Slobodan Simic

Original Work Citation

Crnobaric, C. O., Milovanovic, S., & Simic, S. (2002). [Psychotherapy of post traumatic stress disorders]. Engrami - Časopis za Kliničku Psihijatriju, Psihologiju i Granične Discipline, 24(3-4), 123-133. [Bosnian]



“Psihoterapija post-traumatskog stresnog poremećaja Psychotherapy of post traumatic stress disorders,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed October 27, 2020,

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