A q-methodology evaluation of EMDR HAP facilitators training in Pakistan


In March 2007 an EMDR Europe HAP project, in conjunction with the University of Birmingham & Edge Hill University, commenced in Northern Pakistan in the aftermath of the earthquake. Presently over 75 mental health workers have now been trained in EMDR. In August 2009 six of these Pakistani mental health workers had successfully completed their EMDR Facilitator training. As a means of evaluating their EMDR training a Q Methodology was utilised. Q methodology provides a foundation for the systematic study of subjectivity, a person’s viewpoint, opinion, beliefs, and attitudes (Brown 1993). It is an inverted form of factor analysis which then considers discourse patterns. Typically, in a Q methodological study people are presented with a sample of statements about a topic called the Q-set. By Q sorting research participants give their subjective meaning to the statements, and by doing so reveal their subjective viewpoint (Smith 2001) or personal profile (Brouwer 1999). These individual rankings (or viewpoints) are then subjected to factor analysis to determine factor solution and interpretation. Results highlighted important issues around the facilitators training experience, how cultural sensitivities play an important part in the application of EMDR in Pakistan, and considered how EMDR trainings can be adapted and improved for the future.






Derek Farrell
Paul Keenan

Original Work Citation

Farrell, D., & Keenan, P. (2010, July). A q-methodology evaluation of EMDR HAP facilitators training in Pakistan. Poster presented at the 1st EMDR Asia Conference, Bali, Indonesia



“A q-methodology evaluation of EMDR HAP facilitators training in Pakistan,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed July 27, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/20282.

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