Reducing vividness and emotional intensity of recurrent “flashforwards” by taxing working memory: An analogue study

Description

Several studies have found that making eye movements while retrieving visual images about past negative events reduces their vividness and emotional intensity. A working memory account states that eye movements tax working memory and interfere with visual imagery, thus degrading images. This study examined whether eye movements also affect recurrent, intrusive visual images about potential future catastrophes (“flashforwards”) in a sample of female undergraduates who had indicated on a screening-scale that they suffer from such intrusions. They were asked to recall two intrusive images with or without making eye movements. Before and after each condition, participants retrieved the image, and rated its vividness and emotionality. Results showed that vividness of intrusive images was lower after recall with eye movement, relative to recall only, and there was a similar trend for emotionality. Potential implications are discussed.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Iris M. Engelhard
Marcel A. van den Hout
Eliane C. P. Dek
Catharina L. Giele
Jan-Willem van der Wielen
Marthe J. Reijnen
Birgit van Roij

Original Work Citation

Engelhard, I. M., van den Hout, M. A., Dek, E. C. P., Giele, C. L., van der Wielen, J.-W., Reijnen, M. J., & van Roij, B. (2011, May ). Reducing vividness and emotional intensity of recurrent "flashforwards" by taxing working memory: An analogue study. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 25(4), 599-603. doi:10.1016/j.janxdis.2011.01.009

Collection

Citation

“Reducing vividness and emotional intensity of recurrent “flashforwards” by taxing working memory: An analogue study,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed October 22, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/20755.

Output Formats