4·28 胶济铁路交通事故伤员心理危机干预结果分析

4.28 Jinan Railway accident casualty psychological crisis intervention

Description

目的分析淄博铁路交通事故伤员心理行为反应特点以寻找救治交通事故后患者的心理的有效方法。方法采用心理危机结构式访谈问卷,对2008年4月28日发生的山东淄博胶济铁路重大交通事故中的226伤员进行心理状态评估,并对22名ASD患者进行眼动脱敏再加工(eyemovement desensitization and reprocessing,EMDR)治疗,比较EMDR治疗前后的心理行为反应的差异。结果有22名达到ASD(急性应激障碍)诊断标准,本次铁路交通事故中ASD的发生率为9.73%,伤员中主要以闯入、警觉性增高表现为主,并伴随着其他的负性情绪体验。女性组ASD的发生率(14.85%)高于男性组(5.60%),P〈0.05。女性组心理行为反应结果明显重于男性组(P〈0.05),EMDR能够显著改善ASD患者的闯入、警觉性增高症状(P〈0.01),但愤怒情绪没有显著改善((P=0.227))。结论铁路交通事故后,女性比男性更容易发生ASD。EMDR可有效地解决ASD患者除愤怒以外的心理危机。 br>

To analyze the Zibo railway accident casualties psychological and behavioral response characteristics to look for the psychological treatment of patients after accidents effective way. Methods of psychological crisis structured interview questionnaire, on April 28, 2008 occurred in Zibo, Shandong Jinan Railway major traffic accident in the 226 wounded mental state assessment, and 22 ASD patients with eye movement desensitization reprocessing (eyemovement desensitization and reprocessing, EMDR) therapy, EMDR therapy compared before and after the psychological and behavioral differences in response. Results 22 reaches ASD (acute stress disorder) diagnostic criteria, this railway accident in ASD incidence 9.73%, mainly in the wounded into, alertness increased performance-based, along with other negative emotional experience. The incidence of ASD female group (14.85%) than male group (5.60%), P

Format

Conference

Language

Chinese

Author(s)

Guoqiu Zhao
Yongguang Wang
Yiqiang Wang
Shufen Fu
Jisheng Tang
Rifang Cao

Original Work Citation

Zhao, G., Wang, Y., Wang, Y., Fu, S., Tang, J, & Cao, R. (2008). [4.28 Jinan Railway accident casualty psychological crisis intervention]. Journal of Emergency Medicine, 8. Chinese

Collection

Citation

“4·28 胶济铁路交通事故伤员心理危机干预结果分析 4.28 Jinan Railway accident casualty psychological crisis intervention,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed May 31, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/21124.

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