No effects of eye movements on the encoding of the visuospatial sketchpad and the phonological loop in healthy participants: possible implications for eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy

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Description

A hypothesized mechanism of action of EMDR is an overload of the working memory.•“Corsi Cubes” and “Digits” were used to test this hypothesis in 50 healthy subjects.•Eye movements did not improve the immediate auditory and visual consolidation memory.•The mechanism of action of EMDR needs further neurobiological investigation. Horizontal eye movement is an essential component of the psychological intervention “Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing” (EMDR) used in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. A hypothesized mechanism of action is an overload of the visuospatial sketchpad and/or the phonological loop of the working memory. The aim is to explore how eye movements affect the information encoding of the visuospatial sketchpad and the phonological loop. Fifty healthy young adults performed two immediate recall tasks from the Wechsler Memory Scale: “Corsi Cubes” and “Digits”. Using a within-participants design, up to 16 repetitions of eight seconds of eye-movement and an eye-rest condition were performed. There were no statistically significant differences between the eye movement and eye rest conditions for either recall task. In our sample of healthy participants, eye movements did not improve the immediate auditory and visual consolidation memory, undermining this hypothesized mechanism of action of EMDR. However, these findings might also be explained by our exclusion of tests that would stimulate autobiographical memory and our use of a non-clinical sample.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Patricia Novo Navarro
Alejandro Maiche Marini
Jan Scott
Ramon Landin-Romero
Benedikt L. Amann

Original Work Citation

Novo Navarro, P., Maiche Marini, A., Scott, J. Landin-Romero, R., & Amann, B. L. (2013, November). No effects of eye movements on the encoding of the visuospatial sketchpad and the phonological loop in healthy participants: possible implications for eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy. Personality and Individual Differences, 55(8), 983?988. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2013.08.005

Collection

Citation

“No effects of eye movements on the encoding of the visuospatial sketchpad and the phonological loop in healthy participants: possible implications for eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed October 22, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/22229.

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