Effectiveness of the EMDR therapy on specific phobia in young children
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) (Shapiro, 2001) is a comprehensive, integrative psychotherapeutic approach. It contains elements of a number of effective psychotherapies in structured protocols that are designed to maximize treatment effects. These include psychodynamic, cognitive behavioural, interpersonal, experiential, and body-centered therapies (Shapiro, 2002). EMDR psychotherapy is an information processing therapy and uses an eight phase approach to address the experiential contributors of a wide range of pathologies. It attends to the past experiences that have set the groundwork for pathology, the current situations that trigger dysfunctional emotions, beliefs and sensations, and the positive experience needed to enhance future adaptive behaviours and mental health. During treatment, various procedures and protocols are used to address the entire clinical picture. One of the procedural elements is "maintain dual awareness using bilateral stimulation" using bilateral eye movements, tones or taps. During the reprocessing phases the client attends momentarily to past memories, present triggers, or anticipated future experiences while simultaneously focusing on a set of external stimulus. During that time, clients generally experience the emergence of insight, changes in memories, or new associations. The clinician assists the client to focus on appropriate material before initiation of each subsequent set. In our experience EMDR has proved helpful in many childhood psychological and psychiatric disorders (Gupta & Choudhary, 2012, 2013). When applied to children, EMDR can often be used in adjunction with some innovative Cognitive Based therapeutic techniques to elicit better results (Rachamim et al, 2009).
Original Work Citation
Gupta, D., Gupta, N., & Choudhary, T. (2014, April). Effectiveness of the EMDR therapy on specific phobia in young children. Delhi Psychiatry Journal, 17(2), 175-178. Retrieved from http://medind.nic.in/daa/t14/i1/daat14i1p175.pdf
“Effectiveness of the EMDR therapy on specific phobia in young children,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed November 25, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/22759.