Targeting craving – The effect of EMDR on craving and smoking behaviour of daily smokers – A proof of concept study

Description

Background and objectives: Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is an evidence-based treatment for PTSD. Research suggests that it may aid addiction treatment. An experiment was conducted to determine effects of EMDR on cigarette craving and smoking behaviour.

Method: 47 daily smokers, abstaining overnight, were allocated to an experimental or control group by minimization (balancing baseline levels of desire thinking). Participants received a highly equivalent procedure. However, the experimental procedure induced eye movements while the control group fixed their gaze for 6 minutes after recalling a craving-inducing memory. Three memory representations were targeted: a memory of intense craving, a memory of relapse and an image of a typical and personal craving-inducing situation. Smoking behavior and craving were monitored the week before and following the intervention. In addition, craving, vividness of target memories, smoking attentional bias and implicit associations and smoking behavior were assessed at several time points between baseline and 1 week follow-up.

Results: The experimental group showed significant reductions of craving and vividness of targeted memories. These effects were lost at follow-up. Reductions in smoking behavior directly post-intervention and during the week following intervention were non-significant but in the expected direction.

Limitations: Participants were treated and measured by the first author, which may have biased the results.

Conclusions: EMDR during 3 x 6 minutes resulted in significant, but short-lived, changes in craving and vividness of targeted memory representations. This may or may not reflect a dose effect. The results warrant further research.

Format

Conference

Language

English

Author(s)

Wiebren Markus

Original Work Citation

Markus, W. (2014, June). Targeting craving ? The effect of EMDR on craving and smoking behaviour of daily smokers ? A proof of concept study. EMDR research symposium (Netherlands track) (Ad de Jongh, Chair). Symposium presented at the 15th EMDR Europe Association Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland

Collection

Citation

“Targeting craving – The effect of EMDR on craving and smoking behaviour of daily smokers – A proof of concept study,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed September 25, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/22907.

Output Formats