Healing the traumatized self: Consciousness, neuroscience, treatment


Four dimensions of consciousness, including time, thought, body, and emotion often become drastically altered as a result of traumatic experience. Even though such alterations in consciousness can be adaptive during the encounter of traumatic events, they can frequently lead to tremendous hardship in the aftermath of the trauma. How do we recognize such trauma-related alterations in consciousness? What predicts the occurrence of altered states of consciousness? Does the emergence of the self come about through the integrated experience of these four dimensions of consciousness? How can we intervene effectively to overcome such altered states, and how are those changes represented in mind, brain, and body? This lecture will describe a four dimensional model (4-D Model) outlining a dissociative and a non-dissociative dimension of each of the four dimensions of consciousness. Furthermore, the neurobiological underpinnings and a detailed approach to treatment of trauma-related altered states of consciousness will be described.






Ruth Lanius

Original Work Citation

Lanius, R. (2015, August). Healing the traumatized self: Consciousness, neuroscience, treatment. Plenary presented at the 20th EMDR International Association Conference, Philadelphia, PA



“Healing the traumatized self: Consciousness, neuroscience, treatment,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed May 16, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/23190.

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