Efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing beyond complex post traumatic stress disorder: A case study of EMDR in Pakistan

Description

Objectives:
To demonstrate the efficacy of EMDR in complex multiple psychological trauma after failed drug treatment from selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) in a diagnosed case of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Method:
Single participant of this case study, a sitting session judge of judicial governmental scaffold reported to this mental health tertiary care facility at his own accord with features of intense anxiety, depression, maladjustment issues and post- traumatic stress for a duration of several months. As a partial responder to full trial of SSRI he was enrolled for EMDR therapy to address his symptoms of intense anxiety, panic attacks, being overwhelmingly fearful, depressed, low selfesteem, inappropriate feelings of guilt, flashbacks, avoidance, nightmares, hyper-arousal and inability to perform as a judicial head in active war stricken area of northern Pakistan. Complete psychiatric evaluation was carried out and after the discontinuation of SSRIs he was scored on Impact of Event Scale (IES). He fulfilled the diagnostic criteria for PTSD as evaluated by the English version of the PTSD module of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV administered once before commencement of EMDR. Safe place of the client was established and 8 staged protocol of EMDR was started with him. Multiple EMDR sessions were conducted.

Result:
The case presented in this paper had multiple psychological trauma forms and failed drug treatment and yet it was observed that EMDR provided marked improvement in all the domains of his deficits and this was at a prompt speed as compared to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) which usually takes longer duration of therapy to achieve similar results.

Conclusions:
EMDR provides marked improvement in all domains of complex mental trauma and traumatic memories. Improvement attained was prompt and enduring as compared to other forms of established therapies and drug treatment indicating permanent changes happening at neurobiological levels of brain.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Maj. Dr. Muhammad Sami Bilal
Prof. Mowadat Hussain Rana
Col Safi Ullah Khan
Brig. Rashid Qayyum

Original Work Citation

Bilal, M. D. M. S., Rana, M. H., Col. Safi Ullah Khan, B., & Quayyum, R. (2015).  Efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing beyond complex post traumatic stress disorder: A case study of EMDR in Pakistan.  The Professional Medical Journal, 22(4), 514-521

Collection

Citation

“Efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing beyond complex post traumatic stress disorder: A case study of EMDR in Pakistan,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed October 30, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/23255.

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