Latest developments in post-traumatic stress disorder: Diagnosis and treatment

Description

Background:
Most people will experience a traumatic event during their lives. However, not all will develop Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). There have been recent changes in diagnostic criteria for PTSD and there are a number of treatment options available.

Sources of data:
This review is based on published literature in the field of PTSD, its management and the recently published DSM-V.

Areas of agreement:
The most influential risk factors relate to the post-incident environment rather than pre-incident or the incident itself. There are two established and effective psychological therapies; trauma-focussed cognitive behavioural therapy and eye movement desensitization and reprocessing.

Areas of controversy:
It is unclear what actually constitutes a traumatic event. Psychological debriefing or counselling interventions, shortly after traumaexposure are found to be ineffective and may cause harm. Medication, whilst common practice, is not recommended as first linemanagement.

Growing points:
Future psychotherapies for PTSD may be just as effective if delivered in carefully considered group settings or through remote means.

Areas timely for developing research:
Research into the most effective ways to prevent individuals at risk of developing PTSD is still at an early stage and development of effective early interventions could substantially reduce the morbidity associated with PTSD.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Neil Greenberg
Samantha Brooks
Rebecca Dunn

Original Work Citation

Greenberg, N., Brooks, S., & Dunn, R. (2015). Latest developments in post-traumatic stress disoerder: Diagnosis and treatment. British Medical Bulletin, 1–9. doi:10.1093/bmb/ldv014

Collection

Citation

“Latest developments in post-traumatic stress disorder: Diagnosis and treatment,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed September 27, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/23265.

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