Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing therapy v. stabilisation as usual for refugees: Randomised controlled trial

Description

Background

Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is a first-line treatment for adults with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Some clinicians argue that with refugees, directly targeting traumatic memories through EMDR may be harmful or ineffective.

Aims
To determine the safety and efficacy of EMDR in adult refugees with PTSD (trial registration: ISRCTN20310201).

Method
In total, 72 refugees referred for specialised treatment were randomly assigned to 12 h (9 sessions) of EMDR or 12 h (12 sessions) of stabilisation. The Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and Harvard Trauma Questionnaire (HTQ) were primary outcome measures.

Results
Intention-to-treat analyses found no differences in safety (one severe adverse event in the stabilisation condition only) or efficacy (effect sizes: CAPS –0.04 and HTQ 0.20) between the two conditions.

Conclusions
Directly targeting traumatic memories through 12 h of EMDR in refugee patients needing specialised treatment is safe, but is only of limited efficacy.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

F. Jackie June ter Heide
Trudy M. Mooren
Rens van de Schoot
Ad de Jongh
Rolf J. Kleber

Original Work Citation

ter Heide, F. J. J., Morren, T. M., van de Schoot, R., de Jongh, A., & Kleber, R. J.  (2016, February). Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing therapy v. stabilisation as usual for refugees: Randomised controlled trial. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 1–8. doi: 10.1192/bjp.bp.115.167775

Collection

Citation

“Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing therapy v. stabilisation as usual for refugees: Randomised controlled trial,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed November 20, 2019, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/23722.

Output Formats