Utilisation de la thérapie EMDR—eye movement desensitization and reprocessing—dans le cadre de la douleur chronique: Étude pilote

Use of an eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy in chronic pain management: A pilot study

Description

L’utilisation de la thérapie Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) étant novatrice dans le domaine de la douleur chronique, l’objectif principal de ce travail s’est alors attaché à comparer l’utilisation de la thérapie EMDR vs. une prise en charge éclectique, dans une unité de prise en charge de la douleur chronique, à l’hôpital. Quarante-cinq patients, répartis en trois groupes, ont alors bénéficié d’une prise en charge avec la thérapie EMDR (protocole standard), avec la thérapie EMDR (protocole douleur), ainsi qu’en thérapie éclectique. Les résultats mettent en évidence l’efficacité de la thérapie EMDR sur les composantes sensitives, cognitives, comportementales, émotionnelles mais aussi traumatiques de la douleur, avec une plus grande efficacité du protocole standard EMDR après 5 séances, et une diminution de la douleur qui se prolonge un mois après la fin du traitement.

Introduction: Chronic pain is a major healthcare issue. Additional costs involved in pain management each year in France amount to more than one billion euros. While painkillers have been proven effective in treating acute pain, their long-term use has negative side effects reducing their effectiveness. Psychotherapeutic schemes like hypnosis and cognitive-behavioural therapies also seem to show mixed results.

Objective: Considering that the use of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an innovative approach in chronic pain management, the main focus of this research was to compare the use of EMDR therapy versus eclectic healthcare in a hospital unit specialized in the management of chronic pain.

Method: Forty-five patients divided into three groups were treated by standard protocol of EMDR therapy, pain protocol of EMDR therapy and eclectic therapy.

Results: Results show the effectiveness of EMDR therapy on sensory, cognitive, behavioural and emotional but also traumatic components of pain, EMDR standard protocol being most efficient after five sessions, and a reduction of pain extending one month after therapy has been discontinued.

Conclusion: The interest in the of EMDR in chronic pain management then lies partly in its effectiveness in a few sessions, but also in clinical fast emergence and awareness that it allows to obtain from these patients.

Editorial note: The following article written by an adjunct instructor of a distance learning program in Spain proposes that those without formal training in psychotherapy can apply a form of guided eye movements that is clearly derivative of EMDR therapy. The President of EMDR Europe and members of their research committee are submitting an article to rebut this notion and describe the dangers of attempting to do EMDR therapy without appropriate education and training.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Marie Brennstuhl
Cyril Tarquinio
Fanny Bassan

Original Work Citation

Brennstuhl, M., Tarquinio, C., & Bassan, F. (2016, March). [Use of an Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy in chronic pain management: A pilot study]. Pratiques Psychologiques, 22(1), 17-29. doi:10.1016/j.prps.2015.11.002

Collection

Citation

“Utilisation de la thérapie EMDR—eye movement desensitization and reprocessing—dans le cadre de la douleur chronique: Étude pilote Use of an eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy in chronic pain management: A pilot study,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed December 14, 2019, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/24069.

Output Formats