A randomized controlled study of EMDR versus treatment as usual in patients with chronic non-malignant pain
The International Association for the study of pain (IASP) recognizes that "many people report pain in the absence of regular damage or any other pathophysiological cause; usually this happens for reasons psychological, which must be accepted as pain (IASP, 2005)". Non-pharmacological therapy options are scarce. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effectiveness of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) versus treatment as usual in a randomized controlled design to test whether this intervention reduces pain associated symptoms and improves affective symptoms and quality of life. Thirty-two patients from the Pain Management Clinic of the Hospital Germans Trias I Pujol in Barcelona, Spain, were included. Despite the underlying pathology, all patients were referred with a diagnosis “Chronic pain with difficult treatment” (338.29 CIE-9· MC) and they received 12 weekly 90-minute sessions. A battery of self-reported questionnaires assessing Quality of Life (EQ-5D-5L), Intensity pain (EVA), Depression and Anxiety (HAD) and Pain Disability Index were administered pre and post treatment. In addition, the experimental group was reassessed at 3-month follow-up. We found statistical significant changes in all scales in favor of the EMDR group at post-treatment and these results were maintained at 3 months of follow-up. The results suggest that EMDR is an effective tool in the treatment of chronic non-malignant pain by reducing pain associated and affective symptoms and improving Quality Of Life.
Original Work Citation
Arias, N., & Moreno, J. (2017, June). A randomized controlled study of EMDR versus treatment as usual in patients with chronic non-malignant pain. Presentation (Benedikt L. Amann, Chair) at the 18th EMDR Europe Association Conference, Barcelona, Spain
“A randomized controlled study of EMDR versus treatment as usual in patients with chronic non-malignant pain,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed February 25, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/24225.