The efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing on phantom limb pain in patients with amputation: 18 months' follow up

Description

Aims and Background:
Annually about 200-500 million amputations occur around world because of disease, trauma and congenital defects among which approximately 85% are in limbs. For those with amputation, the phantom limb pain is a serious problem and causes therapeutic challenges for those who need therapy. The present study was conducted to identify the efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing on phantom limb pain in patients with amputation during 18 months.

Materials and Methods:
The present study is semi-experimental in nature. A total of 40 patients suffering from phantom limb pain, and under pharmacological therapy for long time, were selected by available sampling (2012-2014) and were divided by random assignment into experimental and control groups. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) method was applied for each patient individually in consultation room during 12 sessions of one hour each, for one month. In order to collect data, demographic data and Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) questionnaire were used. Data were gathered on phantom limb pain before treatment, after treatment, and after 18 months of follow up and were analyzed using descriptive statistics and repeated measures.

Findings:
Mean phantom limb pain before, after and at 18 months’ follow up after the intervention were 7.15(±1.08), 3.40(±1.23) and 1.75(±1.01), respectively. Using repeated measures we showed a significant difference among them (p<0.001).

Conclusions:
These results suggest that EMDR therapy was successful in the treatment of phantom limb pain in patients suffering from amputation after 18 months of follow-up. Therefore its use as a therapeutic and alleviative method could be suggested for patients suffering from phantom limb pain.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Moghadam Mohammad Behnam
Behnam Moghadam Aziz
Maredpour Ali Reza
Rastian Mohammad Latif
Rostaminezhad Akbar
Abda Naeem

Original Work Citation

Behnam, M. M., Aziz, B. M., Reza, M. A., Latif, R. M., Akbard, R., & Naeem, A. (2015, Winter). The efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing on phantom limb pain in patients with amputation: 18 months' follow up. Journal of Anesthesiology and Pain, 5(2), 48-54

Collection

Citation

“The efficacy of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing on phantom limb pain in patients with amputation: 18 months' follow up,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed December 5, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/24534.

Output Formats