Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the German Armed Forces: A retrospective study in inpatients of a German army hospital
In 2006 and 2007, around 0.4 and 0.7% of all German soldiers involved in missions abroad were registered as suffering from PTSD. The frequency of PTSD in the German Armed Forces was assessed from army records. All soldiers admitted to the German Military Hospital in Hamburg, Germany, with PTSD (n = 117) in the years 2006 and 2007 were assessed by using questionnaires and structure interviews. Risk factors associated with PTSD were identiﬁed. Of the 117 soldiers with PTSD, 39.3% were in missions abroad, and 18.0% had participated in combat situations. Five (4.3%) were wounded in combat, and 4 of them had a serious irreversible injury. In total, 53.8% of the PTSD cases were related to injuries or physical/sexual abuse, while 46.2% were due to psychological traumatization. Among soldiers with PTSD who were not abroad, sexual or physical abuse were the most common traumas. In 35.9% of the patients, there was evidence for psychiatric disorders existing before the traumatic event. The percentage of women among sufferers from PTSD was signiﬁcantly higher than the proportion of women in the armed forces (30.8% vs. 5.17%). A careful psychiatric screening before recruitment might help to identify persons at risk of PTSD.
Original Work Citation
Bandelow, B., Koch, M., Zimmerman, P., Biesold, K.-H., Wedekind, D., & Falkai, P. (2012). Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the German Armed Forces: A retrospective study in inpatients of a German army hospital. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, 262, 459–467. doi:10.1007/s00406-012-0289-8
“Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the German Armed Forces: A retrospective study in inpatients of a German army hospital,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed April 7, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/24581.