Cognitive behavioral therapy vs eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for treating panic disorder: A randomized controlled trial

Description

Objective:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an effective intervention for patients with panic disorder (PD). From a theoretical perspective, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy could also be useful in the treatment of PD because: (1) panic attacks can be experienced as life threatening; (2) panic memories specific to PD resemble traumatic memories as seen in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); and (3) PD often develops following a distressing life event. The primary objective of this Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT), was to compare EMDR therapy with CBT for PD and determine whether EMDR is not worse than CBT in reducing panic symptoms and improving Quality Of Life (QOL).

Methods:
Two-arm (CBT and EMDR) parallel RCT in patients with PD (N = 84). Patients were measured at baseline (T1), directly after the last therapy session (T2), and 3 months afterendingtherapy(T3).Non-inferioritytesting(linearmixedmodelwithintention-to-treat analysis) was applied. Patients were randomly assigned to 13 weekly 60-min sessions of CBT (N = 42) or EMDR therapy (N = 42). Standard protocols were used. The primary outcome measure was severity of PD at T3, as measured with the Agoraphobic Cognitions Questionnaire (ACQ), the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ), and the Mobility Inventory (MI). The secondary outcome measure was QOL, as measured with the World Health Organization Quality of Life short version (WHOQOL-Bref), at T3.

Results:
The severity of PD variables ACQ and BSQ showed non-inferiority of EMDR to CBT, while MI was inconclusive (adjusted analyses). Overall QOL and general health, Psychological health, Social relationships, and Environment showed non-inferiority of EMDR to CBT, while Physical health was inconclusive.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Ferdinand Horst
Brenda Den Oudsten
Wobbe Zijlstra
Ad de Jongh
Jill Lobbestael
Jolanda De Vries

Original Work Citation

Horst, F., Den Oudsten, B., Zijlstra, W., de Jongh, A., Lobbestael, J., & De Vries, J. (2017, August). Cognitive behavioral therapy vs eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for treating panic disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in Psychology.  doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01409%20

Collection

Citation

“Cognitive behavioral therapy vs eye movement desensitization and reprocessing for treating panic disorder: A randomized controlled trial,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed September 27, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/24595.

Output Formats