Eye movements enhance recollection of re-imagined negative words: A link between EMDR and SIRE?

Description

Do eye movements primarily affect emotion, as in Eye-Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing therapy (EMDR), or memory retrieval, as in Saccade-Induced Retrieval Enhancement (SIRE)? Despite growing confidence in the effectiveness of the former, the latter memory effect is sometimes not replicated. I argue here that the memory enhancement due to eye movements can be obtained, when conditions are made more similar to EMDR: a) participants are explicitly instructed to retrieve and re-imagine the memories during the eye movements, and b) emotionally negative material is involved. An exploratory memory experiment is presented that compares horizontal eye-movement and eye-fixation conditions. Mixed lists of positive, neutral, and negative words were studied and explicitly recollected during the eye manipulation. Results showed evidence for enhanced recollection due to eye movements, with a large effect size specifically for negative words. The crosstalk between these different domains may not only be helpful for gaining a better understanding of SIRE but also for improving the effectiveness of EMDR.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

R. Hans Phaf

Original Work Citation

Phaf, R. H. (2017, July). Eye movements enhance recollection of re-imagined negative words: A link between EMDR and SIRE? Journal of Experimental Psychopathology

Collection

Citation

“Eye movements enhance recollection of re-imagined negative words: A link between EMDR and SIRE?,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed October 22, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/24720.

Output Formats