Patients' experiences of cognitive behavioural therapy and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing as treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder

Description

Introduction:
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is usually treated with cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) based on exposure and response prevention principles; although eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR) has also been proposed as a potentially helpful treatment.

Aim:
To investigate patients’ experiences of the process and outcome of CBT and EMDR. Method We conducted in-depth qualitative interviews with 24 (EMDR = 14; CBT = 10) patients who participated in a randomised controlled trial. Interviews were conducted after the end of therapy, transcribed verbatim and interpreted using thematic analysis.

Results:
Three superordinate themes were identified, including (1) common experiences and specific experiences of (2) CBT and (3) EMDR. Common experiences of therapy included difficulties in disclosing OCD problems; perceptions about therapists as approachable and nonjudgemental; sudden symptomatic improvements; difficulties in engaging with treatment; general satisfaction with therapy; and viewing OCD as a long-term condition. Some differences between these interventions were also found in patients’ understanding of the treatment rationale, their experiences and difficulties with specific treatment procedures.

Conclusions:
Common process factors were especially prominent in patients’ accounts, although it is possible that these interact with more specific change mechanisms such as desensitisation.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Zoe Marsden
Alexander Teahan
Karina Lovell
David Blore
Jaime Delgadillo

Original Work Citation

Marsden, Z., Teahan, A., Lovell, K., Blore, D., & Delgadillo, J. (2018). Patients' experiences of cognitive behavioural therapy and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing as treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research. doi:10.1002/capr.12159

Collection

Citation

“Patients' experiences of cognitive behavioural therapy and eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing as treatments for obsessive-compulsive disorder,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed October 26, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/24778.

Output Formats