Changes in brain connectivity following exposure to bilateral eye movements

Description

The present research assessed how engaging in bilateral eye movements influences brain activity. Participants had their resting-state brain activity recorded with electroencephalography (EEG) before and after they performed 30 s of bilateral eye movements or a center-control manipulation. We assessed differences in change scores for absolute power and coherence between the eye-movement and center-control conditions. A main effect for handedness was present for EEG power in the theta and beta frequency bands, with inconsistent-handed participants displaying a greater increase than consistent-handed participants in both frequency bands. For theta, the increase in power for inconsistent handers was specific to participants in the bilateral eye-movement condition, whose increase in theta power exceeded the increase in theta power for consistent-handed participants regardless of condition. In contrast, for coherence, a main effect for condition was present for the delta frequency band, with participants in the control condition exhibiting a significant drop in posterior delta coherence pre to post. We suggest that the maintenance of posterior delta coherence over time may be an important factor in sustaining attention. Further, the malleability of EEG power for inconsistent-handed participants reveals the importance of individual-differences variables in the potential for behavioral manipulations to change brain activity.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Jessica I. Fleck
Robert Olsen
Michael Tumminia
Francesco DePalma
John Berroa
Abigail Vrabel
Shannon Miller

Original Work Citation

Fleck, J. I., Olsen, R., Tumminia, M., DePalma, F., Berroa, J., Vrabel, A., & Miller, S. (2018, June). Changes in brain connectivity following exposure to bilateral eye movements. Brain and Cognition, 123, 142–153. doi:10.1016/j.bandc.2018.03.009

Collection

Citation

“Changes in brain connectivity following exposure to bilateral eye movements,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed July 18, 2018, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/25082.

Output Formats