Comparison of the effect of eye movement desensitization reprocessing and cognitive behavioral therapy on anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction

Description

Background and objectives:
Anxiety is the most common response to myocardial infarction (MI). The objective of the study is to compare the effect of eye movement desensitization reprocessing (EMDR) and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction.

Methods:
In this clinical trial, 90 eligible patients suffering from MI were selected using the convenience sampling method and randomly assigned to two intervention groups and one control group. The first intervention group attended eight 1-h EMDR sessions in a tranquil environment in a hospital. The second intervention group attended ten 90-min CBT sessions under an identical condition. The control group, on which no intervention was made, merely received prescribed medication by a physician (Oxazepam 10 mg) at 10:00 P.M. on a nightly basis. The mean anxiety was measured for all three groups before and after intervention through the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI). Data were analyzed using SPSS v.20, and such statistical tests and the chi-squared, analysis of variance (ANOVA), and Tukey's Honestly Significant Difference (HSD) post hoc test. P values are significant at P < 0.05.

Results:
Results pointed to a significant statistical difference between the intervention and control groups in terms of the mean anxiety score differences (P < 0.001).

Conclusion:
Both EMDR and CBT reduced anxiety levels in patients with MI, with the former being the more effective one.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Reza Zeighami
Mohammad Behnammoghadam
Mohammad Moradi
Somaye Bashti

Original Work Citation

Zeighami, R., Behnammoghadam, M., Moradi, M., & Bashti, S. (2018, April-June). Comparison of the effect of eye movement desensitization reprocessing and cognitive behavioral therapy on anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction. European Journal of Psychiatry, 32(2), 72-76. doi:10.1016/j.ejpsy.2017.09.001

Collection

Citation

“Comparison of the effect of eye movement desensitization reprocessing and cognitive behavioral therapy on anxiety in patients with myocardial infarction,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed July 18, 2018, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/25426.

Output Formats