Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in children and adolescents with subthreshold PTSD after medically related trauma: Design of a randomized controlled trial

Description

Background:
Three in every 10 children and adolescents admitted to a hospital or undergoing medical treatment develop subthreshold symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). When untreated, subthreshold PTSD can have a serious impact on psychosocial functioning, quality of life and long-term psychopathology. However, research investigating subthreshold PTSD and its treatment following paediatric medical interventions and/or hospitalization is scarce. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a fast and non-invasive psychosocial treatment for posttraumatic stress complaints. However, the effectiveness of EMDR in paediatric patients with subthreshold PTSD has not previously been systematically investigated. Objective: Describing the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) set up to evaluate the effectiveness of EMDR in children with subthreshold PTSD after hospitalization.

Method:
Children aged 4-15 years who have undergone a one-time (trauma type I) or repeated (trauma type II) hospitalization up to five years ago will be included. Participating children will be first screened with a standardized questionnaire for PTSD-symptoms. Subsequently, children with subthreshold PTSD will be randomly assigned to (1) approximately six sessions of standardized EMDR or (2) care as usual (CAU). Children with full diagnostic PTSD do not participate in the RCT, but are referred for direct treatment. Follow-up measurements will take place after eight weeks and eight months.

Discussion:
Considering the scarce evidence for the effectiveness of EMDR in children with medically related trauma, clinicans, researchers and children treated in hospitals can benefit from this study. Potential strengths and limitations of this study are discussed.

Trial Registration: Netherlands Trial Register NTR5801.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Maya G. Meentken
Ingrid M. van Beynum
Elisabeth W. C. Aendekerk
Jeroen S. Legerstee
Hanan El Marroun
Jan van der Ende
Ramón J. L. Lindauer
Manon H. J. Hillegers
Henriette A. Molle
Wim A. Helbing
Elisabeth M. W. J. Utens

Original Work Citation

Meentken, M. G., van Beynum, I. M., Aendekerk, E. W C., Legerstee, J. S., El Marroun, H., van der ENde, J., Lindauer, R. J. L. ... Utens, E. M. W. J. (2018, November). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in children and adolescents with subthreshold PTSD after medically related trauma: Design of a randomized controlled trial. European Journal Of Psychotraumatology, 9 (1), 1536287. doi:10.1080/20008198.2018.1536287

Collection

Citation

“Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) in children and adolescents with subthreshold PTSD after medically related trauma: Design of a randomized controlled trial,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed October 14, 2019, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/25645.

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