Clinical efficacy of trauma-focused psychotherapies in treatment-resistant depression (TRD) in-patients: A randomized, controlled pilot-study

Description

In major depressive disorder (MDD) patients, life stress events represent a risk factor for a severe, early-onset, treatment-resistant and chronic endophenotype. Treatment-resistant depression (TRD) patients who have experienced traumatic events could benefit from evidence-based trauma-focused psychotherapies. Because this topic has never been investigated, the aim of this pilot trial was to evaluate whether trauma-focused cognitivebehavioural therapy (TF-CBT) and/or eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) can help achieve depressive symptom remission in TRD patients. We carried out a single-blind randomized controlled trial with TRD patients and we compared EMDR (N = 12) with TF-CBT (N = 10). Patients received 3 individual sessions per week over a period of 8 weeks. The symptomatological assessments were performed at 4 timepoints: baseline (T0), 4 (T4), 8 (T8) and 12 (T12) weeks. After 24 weeks, a clinical interview was carried out by phone. All TRD patients showed a significant improvement in depressive symptomatology; however, post hoc comparisons showed a significant difference between the two treatment groups, with lower depressive symptom scores in the EMDR than in the TF-CBT group at the follow-up (T12). This effect was partly maintained at 24 weeks. This pilot study suggests that evidence-based trauma-focused psychotherapies, particularly EMDR, can represent effective interventions to treat TRD patients.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Alessandra Minelli
Elisa Zampieri
Chiara Sacco
Roberta Bazzanella
Nicoletta Mezzetti
Elisabetta Tessari
Stefano Barlati
Marco Bortolomasi

Original Work Citation

Minellia, A., Zampieri, E., Sacco, C., Bazzanella, R., Mezzetti, N., Tessari, E., Barlati, S., & Bortolomasi, M. (2019, March). Clinical efficacy of trauma-focused psychotherapies in treatment-resistant depression (TRD) in-patients: A randomized, controlled pilot-study.  Psychiatry Research, 273, 567-574.  doi:10.1016/j.psychres.2019.01.070

Collection

Citation

“Clinical efficacy of trauma-focused psychotherapies in treatment-resistant depression (TRD) in-patients: A randomized, controlled pilot-study,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed July 16, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/25757.

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