When do anorexic patients perceive their body as too fat? Aggravating and ameliorating factors

Description

Objective:
Our study investigated body image representations in female patients with anorexia nervosa and healthy controls using a size estimation with pictures of their own body. We also explored a method to reduce body image distortions through right hemispheric activation.

Method:
Pictures of participants’ own bodies were shown on the left or right visual fields for 130 ms after presentation of neutral, positive, or negative word primes, which could be self-relevant or not, with the task of classifying the picture as “thinner than”, “equal to”, or “fatter than” one’s own body. Subsequently, activation of the left- or right hemispheric through right- or left-hand muscle contractions for 3 min., respectively. Finally, participants completed the size estimation task again.

Results:
The distorted “fatter than” body image was found only in patients and only when a picture of their own body appeared on the right visual field (left hemisphere) and was preceded by negative self-relevant words. This distorted perception of the patients’ body image was reduced after left-hand muscle contractions (right hemispheric activation).

Discussion:
To reduce body image distortions it is advisable to find methods that help anorexia nervosa patients to increase their self-esteem. The body image distortions were ameliorated after right hemispheric activation. A related method to prevent distorted body-image representations in these

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Miguel Kazén
Nicola Baumann
Janne F. Twenhöfel
Julius Kuhl

Original Work Citation

Kazén, M., Baumann, N., Twenhöfel, J. F., & Kuhl, J. (2019). When do anorexic patients perceive their body as too fat? Aggravating and ameliorating factors. PLOS One, 14(2). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0212612

Collection

Citation

“When do anorexic patients perceive their body as too fat? Aggravating and ameliorating factors,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed December 5, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/25866.

Output Formats