心理療法におけるEMDR(Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)のメカニズム(Ⅰ)

EMDR (Eye movement desensitization) in psychotherapy and reprocessing) mechanisms

Description

米国社会では,ベトナム戦争や湾岸戦争後に遭遇した心理病理的現象,即ち帰還兵のPTSD (post traumatic stress disorder)が,それ以前から親から子へと引き継がれる率が高いとい う点で憂慮されてきたPTSDと同様大きな社会問題となっていた。患者とその家族,そして治 療にあたってきた臨床家が苦悩するなか,ある偶発的経験から撃星のように現れた心理療法 が, F. ShapiroのEMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)である。 EMDRの正統派からは,些か逸脱しているCTTFT (Callahan Techniques Thought Field Therapy)のR.J.Callahanの言葉を借りるとそれは正に“quantum therapy”として登場し た(Callahan, R. J., 1999)。 EMDRは当初EMD (Eye Movement Desensitization)として紹 介され(Shapiro,F., 1991),後に彼女はその理論的背景となる基本原理,プロトコル,手続き 等を1995年に再構成している(Shapiro, F., 1995).

In American society, the psychopathological phenomena encountered after the Vietnam War and the Gulf War, i.e. PTSD of returned soldiers The rate at which post stress traumatic disorder is passed on from parent to child before that is high. it was a major social problem as well as PTSD, which has been alarmed in terms of patients, their families, and Psychotherapy that appeared like a star from an accidental experience in the agony of a clinician who had been treated However, it is F. Shapiro's EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing). CTTFT (Callahan Techniques Thought Field) deviates from the orthodoxy of EMDR In the words of R.J.Callahan of Therapy) it appeared exactly as "quantum therapy" (Callahan, R.J., 1999). EMDR originally shaded as EYE Movement Desensitization (Shapiro, F., 1991), later she found that the basic principles, protocols, and procedures underlying its theoretical background etc. are reconfigured in 1995 (Shapiro, F., 1995).

Format

Journal

Language

Japanese

Author(s)

Masakazu Sugawara
Jun Tayama

Original Work Citation

Sugawara, M., & Tayama, J. (2099, October). [EMDR (Eye movement desensitization) in psychotherapy and reprocessing) mechanisms]. Annual Report of The Faculty of Education, Iwate University, 60(1), 1-9. Japanese

Collection

Citation

“心理療法におけるEMDR(Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)のメカニズム(Ⅰ)EMDR (Eye movement desensitization) in psychotherapy and reprocessing) mechanisms,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed October 19, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/26208.

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