The efficacy of EMDR psychotherapy in the treatment of depression and comorbid anxiety
This pilot study explored the Efficacy of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Psychotherapy in treating depression and comorbid anxiety. Twenty diagnosed participants were randomly assigned to two Experimental and two Delayed Treatment (DT) Control Groups. Experimental Group I and DT control group I received five participants each with primary diagnosis of Depression. Experimental Group II and DT Control Group II received five participants each with depression and comorbid anxiety. Participants were offered a total of 12 EMDR sessions. Instruments used for screening and diagnosing were DSM 5 Self-Rated Level 1 Cross Cutting Symptoms Measure Adult (American Psychiatric Association [APA] 2013), Clinically Useful Depression Outcome Scale (Zimmerman, Chelminski, McGlinchy & Posternak, 2008), Clinically Useful Anxiety Outcome Scale (Zimmerman, Chelminski, Young & Dalrymple, 2010), Dissociative Experience Scale- II (Bernstein &Putnum, 1986), Impact of Event scale (Horowitz, Wilner, & Alvarez, 1979), World Health Organization Quality of Life Inventory (Bonomi, Patrick, Bushnell & Martin, 2000). Participants selected negative cognitions associated with disturbing events that reduced functioning as targets for EMDR treatment. Paired and independent sample t-tests were conducted to compare data within and between groups. Results showed significant improvement in depression and anxiety symptoms at 95 % confidence level. The results of the study supported the efficacy of EMDR treatment for reducing depression and anxiety. Three months follow up with the participants showed that treatment effects were maintained.
Original Work Citation
Gauhar, M. (2020, January). The efficacy of EMDR psychotherapy in the treatment of depression and comorbid anxiety. Paper presented at the 4th EMDR Asia International Conference, Bangkok, Thailand
“The efficacy of EMDR psychotherapy in the treatment of depression and comorbid anxiety,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed August 14, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/26265.