EMDR group protocol with children: A field study
The Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Group Protocol with Children (EMDR-GP/C) was first developed by Korkmazlar following the Marmara earthquake in Turkey in 1999 and can be adapted for different populations. This study focused on EMDR-GP with children who lost their fathers in the mine explosion that occurred in 2014 in Soma, Turkey. The EMDR-GP/C was used with 41 children (7−12 years old) in the early intervention, 3 weeks after the disaster, and used with 25 other children (6−13 years old) in the late intervention, 18 months after the disaster, when posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms had developed. The differences between the early and late implementations of EMDR-GP/C are presented in this article. In the early intervention, children processed the trauma by focusing on the “events” as they saw or heard them; however, 18 months after the disaster, children processed their “emotions” about the event in the desensitization phase. Results show a significant decrease in scores of subjective units of disturbance (SUDs) for both intervention periods. An analysis was also conducted, comparing decreases in SUD scores for younger and older children, with no differences found in their response to treatment. Pre and follow-up data were collected for the late intervention condition, using the Child Report of Posttraumatic Symptoms (CROPS), and showed a significant decrease at 18-month follow-up. Further studies are suggested to determine effectiveness of EMDR-GP/C with other populations.
Original Work Citation
Korkmazler, Ü., Bozkurt, B., & Tunca, D. T. (2020). EMDR group protocol with children: A field study. Journal of EMDR Practice and Research, 14(1), 13-30. doi:10.1891/1933-322.214.171.124
“EMDR group protocol with children: A field study,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed March 28, 2020, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/26319.