Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing


Since its inception in 1987, eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy has been the subject of lively debate and controversy, rigorous research both nationally and internationally, and is now used by licensed practitioners across six continents as an effective treatment of trauma symptoms and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The aim of this entry is to provide social work practitioners and researchers with a description of the treatment approach for adults and children, EMDR’s development and theoretical basis, a review of controversial issues, and an overview of the evidence of effectiveness of EMDR across trauma types and populations.


Book Section




Tonya Edmond
Karen Lawrence

Original Work Citation

Edmonds, T., & Lawrence, K. (2015, February). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing. In Terry Mizrahi and Larry E. Davis (eds.), Encyclopedia of Social Work. doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199975839.013.917



“Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed October 17, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/26487.

Output Formats