EMDR early interventions in the current COVID-19 pandemic


MDR therapy is one of the empirically-supported treatments for the psychological effects of trauma, that is endorsed by the World Health Organization (WHO, 2013), United Nations High Commission for Refugees ((UNHCR, 2015) and the International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies (ISTSS, 2019). As examined in the ISTSS guidelines, the majority of the current research demonstrates its effectiveness with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and Complex PTSD. Additionally, EMDR has been a component in multiple trauma capacity building projects throughout the world including Syria (Acarturk et al., 2016), Pakistan (Farrell et al., 2013), Myanmar (Mehrotra, 2014) and Northern Iraq (Farrell et al., 2020), it has also been widely deployed as an early intervention (See Appendix 1 & 2). There is strong consistent evidence that EMDR Early Intervention (EEI) significantly reduces symptoms of PTSD, with effects maintained at follow-up (Shapiro and Maxfield, 2019).


Book Section




Paul Miller
Derek Farrell
Lorraine Knibbs

Original Work Citation

Miller, D., Farrell, D., & Knibbs, L. (2020). EMDR early interventions in the current COVID-19 pandemic. In M. Luber's (Ed.), EMDR resources in the era of COVID-19 (pp. 50-51). Author



“EMDR early interventions in the current COVID-19 pandemic,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed March 8, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/26501.

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