EMDR versus treatment-as-usual in patients with chronic non-malignant pain: A randomized controlled pilot study

Description

In recent years, different studies have observed a strong association between chronic pain (CP) and psychological trauma. Therefore, a trauma-focused psychotherapy, such as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), could be an innovative treatment option. The aim of this pilot study was to assess whether a specific EMDR protocol for CP leads to (a) a reduction in pain intensity, (b) an improvement in anxiety and depressive symptoms, and (c) an improvement in quality of life. About 28 CP patients were randomly assigned to EMDR + Treatment as usual (TAU; n = 14) or to TAU alone (n = 14). Patients in the EMDR group received 12 psychotherapeutic sessions of 90 minutes over 3 months. Pain intensity was measured using the Visual Analog Scale and the Pain Disability index, quality of life using the EQ-5D-5L, and anxiety and depressive symptoms using the Hamilton Anxiety and Depression Scale. Measures were taken for both conditions at pre- and post-treatment, and a follow-up in the EMDR condition was taken at 3 months post-treatment. Patients in the EMDR group showed significantly reduced pain intensity and improved quality of life and anxiety and depressive symptoms compared to TAU alone at post-treatment. Improvements were largely maintained at 3-month follow-up. This study suggests that EMDR may be an effective and safe psychological intervention to be used within the multidisciplinary treatment plan of patients with CP.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Nieves Arias Suárez
Joana Moreno Pérez
Diego Redolar-Ripoll
Bridget M. Hogg
Itxaso Gardoki-Souto 
Francisca García Guerrero
Sandra Jaime Cabrera 
Daniel Samper Bernal
Benedict L. Amann
Ana Moreno-Alcázar

Original Work Citation

Arias Suárez, N., Moreno Pérez, J., Redolar-Ripoll, D., Hogg, B. M., Gardoki-Souto, I., García Guerrero, F., Jaime Cabrera, S., Samper Bernal, D., Amann, B. L., & Moreno-Alcázar, A. (2020). EMDR versus treatment-as-usual in patients with chronic non-malignant pain: A randomized controlled pilot study. EMDR Journal of EMDR Practice and Research. doi:10.1891/EMDR-D-20-00004

Collection

Citation

“EMDR versus treatment-as-usual in patients with chronic non-malignant pain: A randomized controlled pilot study,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed June 18, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/26616.

Output Formats