Comparison of group eye movement desensitization and reprocessing with cognitive and behavioral therapy protocol after the 2020 earthquake in Turkey: A field study in children and adolescents

Description

Objective:
We aimed at comparing the efficiency of “Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Integrative Group Treatment Protocol (EMDR-IGTP)” with “Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy Based Crisis Prevention Program for Children and Adolescents (CIPCA)” in children who survived the 2020 earthquake in Turkey.

Methods:
We randomly divided 56 children and adolescents who were earthquake victims between the ages of 8 and 14 into two groups. Half of the participants underwent EMDR-IGTP, while the other underwent CIPCA. Outcomes were obtained using clinical global impression (CGI) and the subjective units of distress (SUDS) scales before and after therapy.

Results:
The median age of the participants was 10 years (range: 8–14) and 53.6% of them were male. The median CGI scores of the EMDR-IGTP group before and after therapy were 7 (3–7) and 1 (1–7), while that of the CIPCA group before and after therapy were 7 (3–7) and 4 (2–7), respectively (p<0.001). The median SUDS scores of the EMDR-IGTP group before and after therapy were 10 (5–10) and 1 (0–10), while that of the CIPCA group before and after therapy were 9 (5–10) and 5.5 (3–9), respectively (p<0.001).

Conclusion:
Both EMDR-IGTP and CIPCA are effective in reducing the acute traumatic stress following the earthquake; however, EMDR-IGTP is relatively more effective. Thus, both methods can be used as a psychosocial intervention in post-earthquake traumatic events.

Format

Journal

Language

English

Author(s)

Mehmet Karadağ
Pınar Günel Karadeniz

Original Work Citation

Karadağ, M., & Karadeniz, P. K. (2021). Comparison of group eye movement desensitization and reprocessing with cognitive and behavioral therapy protocol after the 2020 earthquake in Turkey: A field study in children and adolescents. European Journal of Therapeutics, 27(1), 40-44. doi:10.5152/eurjther.2021.20056

Collection

Citation

“Comparison of group eye movement desensitization and reprocessing with cognitive and behavioral therapy protocol after the 2020 earthquake in Turkey: A field study in children and adolescents,” Francine Shapiro Library, accessed September 28, 2021, https://emdria.omeka.net/items/show/26772.

Output Formats